2013
Windstream Energy v. Canada Windstream Energy LLC v. The Government of Canada (PCA Case No. 2013-22)
Canada
United States of America
Ownership of WWIS (100 per cent shareholding), a Canadian corporation that had entered into a power purchase agreement under the Ontario Power Authority’s feed-in-tariff program to develop an offshore wind generation facility in Ontario.
Claims arising out of a moratorium imposed by the Government of Ontario on offshore wind farms that indefinitely suspended claimant's investment project in this sector.
Tertiary: D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
35 - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
UNCITRAL
PCA (Permanent Court of Arbitration)
Heiskanen, V.
Bishop, D.
Cremades, B. M.
Decided in favour of investor
568.50 mln CAD (522.10 mln USD)
25.20 mln CAD (19.10 mln USD)
Indirect expropriation

Fair and equitable treatment/Minimum standard of treatment, including denial of justice claims

National treatment

Most-favoured nation treatment
Fair and equitable treatment/Minimum standard of treatment, including denial of justice claims
None