Berkowitz v. Costa Rica Aaron C. Berkowitz, Brett E. Berkowitz, Trevor B. Berkowitz v. Republic of Costa Rica (ICSID Case No. UNCT/13/2)
Costa Rica
United States of America
Ownership of twenty six beachfront plots of land on Costa Rica’s Pacific coast.
Claims arising out of the alleged expropriation of claimant's property to create an ecological park without fair compensation.
Tertiary: L - Real estate activities
68 - Real estate activities
ICSID (International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes)
Bethlehem, D.
Kantor, M.
Vinuesa, R. E.
18780.50 mln CRC (33.60 mln USD)
Data not available
Direct expropriation

Indirect expropriation

Fair and equitable treatment/Minimum standard of treatment, including denial of justice claims
Not applicable - settled or discontinued before decision on liability
Judicial review by national courts
Judicial review by national courts
Award/decision upheld
Memorandum Opinion of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia dated 20 January 2018