2016
Eurus Energy v. Spain Eurus Energy Holdings Corporation and Eurus Energy Europe B.V. v. Kingdom of Spain (ICSID Case No. ARB/16/4)
Spain
Japan

Netherlands
Investments in a renewable energy generation enterprise.
Claims arising out of a series of energy reforms undertaken by the Government affecting the renewables sector, including a 7 per cent tax on power generators’ revenues and a reduction in subsidies for renewable energy producers.
Tertiary: D - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
35 - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
ICSID (International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes)
ICSID (International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes)
Crawford, J. R. (replaced)
Garibaldi, O. M.
Giardina, A.
Hoffmann, A.
173.00 mln EUR (206.20 mln USD)
Data not available
Indirect expropriation

Fair and equitable treatment/Minimum standard of treatment, including denial of justice claims

Full protection and security, or similar
Fair and equitable treatment/Minimum standard of treatment, including denial of justice claims
None