Gallo v. Canada Vito G. Gallo v. The Government of Canada (PCA Case No. 55798)
United States of America
Ownership of all shares of 1532382 Ontario Inc., an Ontario corporation that owned and controlled a former mine site in Northern Ontario.
Claims arising out of Mr. Gallo’s Canadian company ownership of a former open-pit iron ore mine (the Adams Mine Site) that was intended to serve as a landfill for non-hazardous household and commercial waste from the City of Toronto and the Ontario Legislature’s imposition of Bill 49, which prevented disposal of waste at the Adams Mine Site.
Tertiary: E - Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
38 - Waste collection, treatment and disposal activities; materials recovery
PCA (Permanent Court of Arbitration)
Fernández-Armesto, J.
Castel, J.-G.
Thomas, J. C. (replaced)
Lévy, L.
Decided in favour of State
105.00 mln CAD (106.00 mln USD)
Data not available
Indirect expropriation

Fair and equitable treatment/Minimum standard of treatment, including denial of justice claims
None - jurisdiction declined