2008
Clayton/Bilcon v. Canada Clayton and Bilcon of Delaware Inc. v. Government of Canada (PCA Case No. 2009-04)
Canada
United States of America
Ownership and control of the Canadian company Bilcon of Nova Scotia and a lease agreement entered by this company for the property on which a quarry and marine terminal were to be developed.
Claims arising out of the Government's rejection of the investors' project to operate a quarry and marine terminal in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, following a negative environmental assessment process.
Primary: B - Mining and quarrying
8 - Other mining and quarrying
UNCITRAL
PCA (Permanent Court of Arbitration)
Simma, B.
Schwartz, B.
McRae, D. M.
101.00 mln USD
Data not available
Fair and equitable treatment/Minimum standard of treatment, including denial of justice claims

Full protection and security, or similar

National treatment

Most-favoured nation treatment
Fair and equitable treatment/Minimum standard of treatment, including denial of justice claims

Full protection and security, or similar

National treatment
Judicial review by national courts
Judicial review by national courts
Award/decision upheld