Enkev Beheer v. Poland Enkev Beheer B.V. v. The Republic of Poland (PCA Case No. 2013-01)
Investment in Polish subsidiary, Enkev Polska S.A., a joint stock company owning certain industrial facilities and holding a perpetual usufruct right to the property under Polish law for the use of the land as real property for 99 years.
Claims arising out of alleged threats made by the Respondent to expropriate the claimant’s investment in its Polish subsidiary.
Secondary: C - Manufacturing
32 - Other manufacturing
PCA (Permanent Court of Arbitration)
Veeder, V. V.
van den Berg, A. J.
Sachs, K.
Decided in favour of State
Data not available
Data not available
Fair and equitable treatment/Minimum standard of treatment, including denial of justice claims

Full protection and security, or similar

Umbrella clause

Indirect expropriation
None - all claims dismissed at the merits stage